Chemical composition of Hypericum species from the Taeniocarpium and Drosanthe sections
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The presence of several phytochemicals, namely naphthodianthrones hypericin and pseudohypericin, phloroglucinol derivatives hyperforin and adhyperforin, the phenolic acids as chlorogenic acid, neochlorogenic acid, caffeic acid and 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, the flavonols, hyperoside, isoquercitrin, quercitrin, quercetin, avicularin, rutin, and flavanols (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin, as well as biflavonoid amentoflavone was investigated in seven Turkish species of Hypericum from Taeniocarpium and Drosanthe sections. Plants were harvested at flowering, dried at room temperature, dissected into different tissues and assayed for chemical contents by HPLC. All chemicals were detected at various levels depending on species and plant parts. Despite the observed quantitative variation in the chemical content of plant material, it was found that phytochemical profiles of the species from the same section were very similar. The present data could be helpful in selecting the future targets for phytochemical and biological studies as well as enriching our current chemical knowledge about Hypericum species. Such kind of data could also be useful for elucidation of the chemotaxonomical relationships among the sections of Hypericum genus.